Practices make concepts
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The word permaculture was coined in 1978 by Bill Mollison, an Australian ecologist, and one of his students, David Holmgren. It is in contraction of “permanent agriculture” or “permanent culture”. Indeed Permaculture is about designing ecological human habitats and food production systems. It is land use and community building concept which strives for harmonious integration of human dwellings, microclimate, annual and perennial plants, animals, soils, and water into stable, productive communities with examples and models being replicated elsewhere, the concept has better days ahead... But where does it really originate prior to 1978?
Were the indigenous peoples in Africa, the Amazon and Asia unaware of the practice?
In the history of the Muriddiya community in Senegal, around the 1920s, there had been a longstanding farming practice that led to the concept of Borom Deur Bi referring to the environmental design and ecological principles put in practice by the leader behind the vision: Cheikh Abdoulahi Mbacke: Khelcom being the latest example of the concept into action, after the cornerstone city of reference to such environmental design, Touba, acquired the status of model city recognized by the United nations Conference on Human Settlements in Istanbul in 1996 as a result of socially affordable housing and concerted land use within the community, such organizational leads made Touba the second most dynamic hybrid (rural/semi-urban) city in Senegal. Sources relating a population nearing 2,000,000 for the Touba-Mbacke area which makes it anecdotally that the area is the fastest growing in Africa.